The ECHR recalls its case-law on the obligation for courts to give reasons when dismissing a request for a preliminary ruling by the CJEU: decision in the case of Quintanel v. France

By a decision in the case of Josette Quintanel v. France and 14 other applications (no. 12528/17 et seq., 17.6.2021) the ECHR declared inadmissible 15 applications against France which, inter alia, complained about the alleged failure by several administrative courts to properly motivate their refusal to grant the applicants’ requests that some EU law issues be referred to the CJEU for a preliminary ruling.

The ECHR first recalled that only the national courts which, under Art. 267 TFEU, are bound to turn to the CJEU for a preliminary ruling, i. e. those courts against whose decisions there is no judicial remedy under national law, are also under an obligation, flowing from Art. 6 of the Convention, to give reasons when dismissing a request by a party to the domestic proceedings for an EU law issue to be submitted to the CJEU (§ 89).

Consequently, in the present case only the Conseil d’Etat (Supreme Administrative Court) was bound to give reasons for its refusal to refer the case to the CJEU, which it had actually not done. However, the ECHR noted that a lower administrative court acting in the same case had previously well explained that in view of relevant CJEU case-law on the issue at hand such a referral was not required under Art. 267 TFEU. This being so, the ECHR considered that having regard to the proceedings as a whole, an answer compliant with Art. 6 of the Convention had been given to the applicant who had therefore been enabled to understand the reasons underlying the contested dismissal (§ 90). Consequently, Art. 6 had not been breached.